scapula elevator- proximal deltoids
The name of Genu Valgum derives from the Latin Genu = knee and Valgo = approach; that is, approaching the knees. The opposite is the Genu varo: away from the knees or "zambo". In the stages of growth the knees have to form different angles, the babies that just walk present in genu varo. Children and especially girls tend to present genu valgo. When the bone structure has just been formed regularly, the normal "Q" angle of about 5 ° is reached.
The genu valgus can be caused by deformation in the muscles, in which case it is easier to correct. Or it may be due to deformation of the knee, which is more difficult to treat.
The condition may be due to several factors, the most common are:
- Congenital alterations
- Bony Displays
- Injuries, fractures
- Bone infections
- Metabolic alterations
- Inflammatory diseases (arthritis sequel)
- Muscle contractures
As a result of this deformity the person can suffer an alteration of all their bone structure, mainly of the pelvis and spine (scoliosis), can also present fatigue when walking, less strength and weakening of some muscles of the legs and greater pressure and wear of the joints of the lower extremities, mainly the knees (osteoarthritis).
First it is advisable to accompany the treatment with biomagnetism with special exercises.
In minors it is easier to correct this deformation, much more difficult in adults.
The traditional methods for treating this illness are:
- Moderated Genu valgum: templates are applied with supinative wedge
- Pronounced Genu valgum: use of night orthosis (orthopedic device)
- Accuted Genu valgum: surgical treatment may be requiered.